I just discovered lately Bittorrent Sync and found it to be an amazing way to replace dropbox or any other Cloud Storage since I’m owning a server and a raspberry pi.


Bittorrent Sync

Sync uses advanced peer-to-peer technology to share files between devices. No cloud is required. This means there are no accounts, no file size limits, and transfer speeds are never throttled. You are free to share anything and everything you have. How it works.


To summarize, ecryptfs is an encrypted filesystem. You set up the passphrase and the algorithm you want to use and it create an encrypted filesystem that is accessible only when mounted. When not mounted, the data are unreadable.


H5ai is a file browser made in PHP.


My Use

I wanted to keep my data encrypted on my server and synchronized using Bittorrent Sync. But I also wanted to have an access to these file from the outside through a browser without the need to sync my whole folder.



Creating the ecryptfs as described here : http://www.howtoforge.com/how-to-encrypt-directories-partitions-with-ecryptfs-on-debian-squeeze

First point is to be sure you have the ecrypt fs builded with your kernel, either as a module or directly into it. Then you need to install the utils that goes with it. Finally doing the first mount that will create the filesystem. Usually you mount on itself the directory. I also created a directory /files/ where I’ll put the file synced with Bittorrent Sync.

sudo apt-get install ecryptfs-utils
root@server1:~# mount -t ecryptfs /home/sync /home/sync
Passphrase: <-- some_passphrase
Select cipher:
 1) aes: blocksize = 16; min keysize = 16; max keysize = 32 (not loaded)
 2) blowfish: blocksize = 16; min keysize = 16; max keysize = 56 (not loaded)
 3) des3_ede: blocksize = 8; min keysize = 24; max keysize = 24 (not loaded)
 4) twofish: blocksize = 16; min keysize = 16; max keysize = 32 (not loaded)
 5) cast6: blocksize = 16; min keysize = 16; max keysize = 32 (not loaded)
 6) cast5: blocksize = 8; min keysize = 5; max keysize = 16 (not loaded)
Selection [aes]: <-- ENTER
Select key bytes:
 1) 16
 2) 32
 3) 24
Selection [16]: <-- ENTER
Enable plaintext passthrough (y/n) [n]: <-- ENTER
Enable filename encryption (y/n) [n]: <-- ENTER
Attempting to mount with the following options:
WARNING: Based on the contents of [/root/.ecryptfs/sig-cache.txt],
it looks like you have never mounted with this key
before. This could mean that you have typed your
passphrase wrong.

Would you like to proceed with the mount (yes/no)? : <-- yes
Would you like to append sig [bd28c38da9fc938b] to
in order to avoid this warning in the future (yes/no)? : <-- yes
Successfully appended new sig to user sig cache file
Mounted eCryptfs
root@server1:~# mkdir /home/sync/files

Now you have your filesytem created and mounted. You’ll have to do the same procedure at each mount or you can set as automount as explained in the link I posted.

Bittorrent Sync

For the Windows client, it’s really easy, just download and install the last version on the website and follow the wizard.

But for the Linux (debian) version, it can be a little more tricky, hopefully I found a unofficial repository that is packing BtSync. To install BtSync on a Debian or Ubuntu, you just need to launch an installation script provided on the link that will add a new repository in your source list. You follow the wizard and install btsync.

sh -c "$(curl -fsSL http://debian.yeasoft.net/add-btsync-repository.sh)"
sudo apt-get install btsync

BtSync will help you to configure your first instance of the program. It will generate the needed file into /etc/btsync you should have a file named debconf-default.conf containing this :

//!/usr/lib/btsync/btsync-daemon --config
// Default instance automatically created by debconf
// USE dpkg-reconfigure btsync INSTEAD TO MODIFY
// DAEMON_UID=btsync
// DAEMON_GID=btsync
 "storage_path" : "/var/lib/btsync/",
 "check_for_updates" : false,
 "display_new_version": false,
 "disk_low_priority" : true,
 "lan_encrypt_data" : true,
 "rate_limit_local_peers" : false,
 "folder_rescan_interval" : 600,
 "folder_defaults.delete_to_trash" : true,
 "folder_defaults.use_dht" : false,
 "folder_defaults.use_lan_broadcast" : true,
 "folder_defaults.use_relay" : true,
 "folder_defaults.use_tracker" : true,
 "folder_defaults.known_hosts" : "",
 "webui" :
 "listen" : "",
 "force_https" : true,
 "ssl_certificate" : "/etc/btsync/debconf-default.crt",
 "ssl_private_key" : "/etc/btsync/debconf-default.key"

I first copied the default configuration in the same directory with another name and then I modified the¬†¬†“storage_path” to the place where I created my ecryptfs. I also disabled the generated conf by adding .bak to the end. Since the startup script is only loading¬†¬†.conf files.

cp debconf-default.conf myconf.conf

mv debconf-default.conf debconf-default.conf.bak
vim myconf.conf


Nginx + Php + h5ai

I consider that you have already an installation of php with Nginx or apache. You just need to unpack the h5ai in /home/sync/files/ and correctly set the index. I provide some example of configuration that I use for Nginx SSL with .htpasswd + php5-fpm.

  1. Example of pool for php5-fpm
    listen = /var/lib/php5-fpm/sync.sock
    listen.owner = www-data
    listen.group = www-data
    listen.mode = 0660
    user = btsync
    group = btsync
    pm = ondemand
    pm.max_children = 3
    pm.process_idle_timeout = 10s;
    pm.max_requests = 0
    chdir = /
    php_admin_value[open_basedir] = /usr/share/php5:/tmp/:/home/sync/
    php_admin_value[session.save_path] = /tmp
    php_admin_value[upload_tmp_dir] = /tmp
  2. Example of nginx configuration with SSL and Htpasswd :
    server {
     listen 80;
     listen [::]:80;
     server_name cloud.example.com;
     return https://$server_name$request_uri; # enforce https
    server {
     listen 443 ssl spdy;
     listen [::]:443 spdy;
     ssl on;
     ssl_certificate /home/crypt/aaflalo.me.crt;
     ssl_certificate_key /home/crypt/aaflalo.me.key;
     server_name cloud.example.com;
     root /home/sync/files/;
     access_log XXXX;
     error_log XXXXX;
     fastcgi_buffers 64 4K;
     #index index.php;
     index index.html index.php /_h5ai/server/php/index.php;
     location ~ ^/(data|config|\.ht|db_structure\.xml|README) {
     deny all;
     location / {
     auth_basic "Server Restricted";
     auth_basic_user_file /home/sync/.htpasswd;
     location ~ ^(.+?\.php)(/.*)?$ {
     try_files $1 = 404;
     include fastcgi_params;
     fastcgi_param PATH_INFO $2;
     fastcgi_param HTTPS on;
     fastcgi_param SCRIPT_FILENAME $document_root$fastcgi_script_name;
     fastcgi_pass unix:/var/lib/php5-fpm/sync.sock;
     fastcgi_read_timeout 120s;
     location ~* ^.+.(jpe?g|gif|png|ico|css|zip|tgz|gz|rar|bz2|doc|xls|exe|pdf|ppt|html?|txt|tar|mid|midi|wav|bmp|rtf|js|swf|avi|mp[3-4]|mpe?g|mkv|iso|r[0-9+]|srt|ass|7z|iso)$ {
     #forcing browser to cache locally static content for 1 day, set this longer as needed.
     expires 28d;
     aio on;
     directio 512;
     output_buffers 1 512k;
     sendfile off;

 Setting up a folder in BtSync

Now that our configuration is ready let’s setup a folder on the main computer that will be synced on the encrypted server.

  1. Add Folder :folderAdd
  2. Generate a link by hovering the added folder and clicking on the button Share :ShareFolder
  3. Copy the link and go the web gui of BtSync on your server on the set port.
    You need to set a password and login for the first time. Keep them in mind you’ll need them at each connection. Your browser will surely complain about the certificate that is self-signed (if you chose in the install to force-https), no problem at all, your connection will still be secured.
  4. In the web gui click on the Link button and paste the link :
  5. It asks you where to put the file, choose the folder you have created with ecryptfs (/home/sync/files/) and let it sync.
  6. Enjoy your encrypted cloud.

Using h5ai

If you set up h5ai you can now also access your file directly from anywhere in the world.